History of Samastipur
As per district Gazetteers, Darbhanga, pages 33 to 34
Darbhanga under the Oinwaras (1325-1525 AD), After a temporary period of
instability, Darbhanga came under the control of the Oinwaras, also known as the
Kameshwara Thakur or Sugauna Dynasty. These Hindu Chiefs were left undisturbed
by the Muslim conquerors, who has by now conquered the whole of Mithila and
whose exploits are indicated. The Oinwara Dynasty is noted for their
encouragement of leaning and fine arts and their court served as the centre of
Sanskrit belle's letters and philosophy. Among the prominent scholars of age
were Gadadhara, Sankara, Vachaspati Mishra, Vidyapati, Amartakara and Amiykara.
Kameshwara, the founder of dynasty, was resident of village Oini, near Pusa
Road, in the District of Darbhanga. When Hazi Ilyas of Bengal divided Torhut
into two parts, the Oinwara Raja shifted his Capital to Sugauna near Madhubani.
The southern part of the district was under Hazi Ilyas and the northern part
under the Oinwaras. The modern subdivision of Samastipur (originally
Shamsuddinpur) was founded by Hazi Shamsuddin Ilyas of West Bengal.
Samastipur became a district in 1972 when it was
split from Darbhanga district.
Geography of Samastipur
Samastipur district occupies an area of 2,904 square kilometres (1,121 sq mi),
 comparatively equivalent to Indonesia's Muna Island. Samastipur is
bounded on the north by the Bagmati River which separates it from Darbhanga
district. On the west it is bordered by Vaishali and some part of Muzaffarpur
district, on the south by the Ganges, while on its east it has Begusarai and
some part of Khagaria district. The district headquarters is located at
Samastipur is traversed by a number of rivers including Budhi Gandak, Baya,
Kosi, Kamla, Kareh and Jhamwari and Balan, which are both the offshoots of Burhi
Gandak. The Ganges also skirts the district on the south.
Agriculture of Samastipur
Samastipur is rich in agriculture, because of its fertile plain. Tobacco, maize,
rice and wheat are the main crops. Leechi and mango fruits are grown in
abundance. There is a jute mill in Samsastipur at Muktapur Village. This is very
famous jute mill (Rameshwar Jute Mill), employing around 5000 people.
Shekhopur is one of the best agricultural villages and it also has famous
temple, Bhagwatisthan at Manipur. Samastipur has many a sugar mills which make
it a prominent player in state's sugar production.
Samastipur is major producer of potatoes. There are more than 20 cold storages
in the district, all storing potatoes and total capacity is 650000 quintles.
Samastipur has also in race of consuming fertilizers.
Language & Culture of Samastipur
Culture of Samastipur is simple, beautiful & secular . It has an old tradition
of folk songs & folk Famous Mithila paintings, sung and done during festival and
important social occasions like marrige &birth ceremonies . Several folk dance
form also practised as Kathghorwa nach , natua nach dom domin and jhijhia .
Famous Sama chakeva and Dom kach is also practised as a culture in this area,
Bhat dal & aaloo chokha is the happiest meal for every being & dhoti kurta for
man & sari and salwar kurti for women is regular dress to wear!
People of Samastipur mainly speak Hindi, Maithili & Angika languages.
Thaneshwar Temple is a very famous tample of Lord Shiva, and is situated at the
heart of the city. Other new temples are also popping up. There are numerous
other temples as well. A very famous temple 'KHUDNESHWAR STHAN' is also
there situated in the village MORWA (RAYTOL).
Durga temple in Kessopatti is one of the oldest temple. Every year on the eve of
Durga Puja pilgrims come for worship.
VIDYAPATI BALESHWAR Sthan (Shiva Temple) is one of the famous temple at
Vidyapatinagar. Vidyapatinagar is known as the Nirvana sthali of the great Saint
& Poet Vidyapati. Dekari, in Dalsinghsarai subdivision, is the place where
vidypathi took his last breath.
Manipur bhagwatisthan is one of the oldest and lively durga temple in
Shekhopur, Samastipur. People come in numbers to pray lordess durga everyday
from far off places. This place makes realise your dream, takes away your sin.
It is said that it is more than 200 years old temple and Panditji is a very
learned Brahmin in samastipur.
KHUDNESWAR SIVA Temple located 17 km form Samastipur near Morwa block is
unique example of Hindu-Muslim unity. In side the temple within a distance of
few meters there is majar of Khudno Bibi along with Sivling. Temple is presently
under renovation by local society members. During Mahasivratri festival
religious crowd from all corners of district are visiting this place for the
prayer. Famous kali temple in samastipur district situated in hrail village in
mohiuddinnagar block just beside of babu nathuni singh house.